1. What is Cancer?
2. Is cancer hereditary?
3. What causes cancer?
4. How does cancer work ?
a. Cancer cells grow through the walls of blood, vessels and are carried by the blood stream to other parts of the body.
b. They enter the lymphatic stream and are carried to the lymph glands.
c. They grew directly in contiguity from one tissue to another .
5. Who gets cancer ?
6. Can cancer be prevented ?
7. Can cancer be cured ?
8. How is cancer cured ?
9. What is cancer pain Relief and palliative care ?
- affirms life and regards dying as a normal process.
- Neither hastens nor postpones death.
- Provides relief from pain and other distressing symptoms.
- Integrates the psychological and spiritual aspects of patient care...
10. what are some early sings of Cancer?
b. A sore that does not heal .
c. Unusual bleedings or discharge.
d. Thickening or lump in breast or elsewhere.
e. Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing .
f. Obvious change in wart or mole.
g. Nagging cough or hoarseness.
11. What are the early symptoms of Cancer?
There are eight alarming symptoms of cancer:
- Nagging cough or hoarseness and sores that do not heal.
- Longer period presence of incurable cough.
- Change in bowels habit or bladder function
- Unusual Weight loss
- Difficulty swallowing or Indigestion.
- Unusual bleeding and discharges.
- Change in the colors and size of wart or mole.
- Lump in breast or other parts of the body.
- Recent change in a wart or mole
12. What are the causes of Cancer?
There are no definite causes of cancer; it can happen at any age to any sex. There are some factors which are believed to have more impact to cause cancer. Some major causes of cancer are tobacco products, alcohol, unhealthy diet, less physical exercises, UV radiations, Some Infections (HPV, Hepatitis), Environmental carcinogens, some food preservatives and hereditary.
13. Can cancer be prevented?
More than 40% cancers can be prevented. Some major points to prevent cancer are:
- Avoid tobacco products.
- Avoid Alcohol.
- Don’t expose to UV radiations.
- Eat healthy diets and think better.
- Do sufficient physical exercise.
- Don’t eat chemical containing foods and fungus infected foods.
- Don’t eat carcinogenic foods and avoid inhaling carcinogens (Avoid Pollution).
- Protect yourself from cancer causing infections.
- Do regular health checkups and cancer screening tests.
- Avoid early marriage and multiple partners.
- Avoid giving birth of children in very young age.
- Avoid contact or inhalation of toxic chemicals.
- Eat fresh food, Green vegetables, Fruits.
- Avoid Fats, Burn food.
- Take care of hygiene of private parts.
- Eat less salt.
14. Are there any vaccines for cancer prevention?
Medical science has developed some vaccines which are believed to prevent some cancers. HPV vaccine is for prevention of cervical cancer and HBV vaccine to prevent Hepatitis B and live cancer. These vaccines are widely used in developed countries and many countries have already included it in national vaccination programs but in poor countries like Nepal, these vaccines are not introduced, only few pilot projects have been carried out. HPV vaccines are given when a girl become sexually active. In Nepal if HPV vaccination can be kept in national vaccination program, many girls can be saved from the devastating impact of cervical cancer which is caused by infection of HPV (Human Papiloma Virus).
15. Is cancer curable?
Most of the cancers are curable if detected earlier and to detect cancer early we should regularly undergo for cancer screening tests like pap smear, mammogram etc. Cervical cancer and breast cancer of women can be prevented and detected early by regular pap test and breast mammogram. These are the most preventable and curable cancers of women if general preventing measures can be taken. Due to lack of awareness, every year lots women loss their life of cervical and breast cancer. These are the most common cancer among women of Nepal whereas most less common cancer of western world due to awareness and screening services.
Treatments of Cancer:
- Painless, does not hurt
- Sophisticated Machines are required
- Like ordinary X-ray picture taking
- Each session lasts for just 4-5 minutes
- Protect from spreading of cancer cells.
- Slow Cancer’s Growth
- Kill Cancer Cells going to other parts of the body
- Chemotherapy may have certain side effects like hair loss, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite but these symptoms are general and no one has to be worried of it.
Removal of cancer tissue with safety margin & Also removal of draining lymph nodes If your cancer has not spread beyond the particular parts of the body, your health (apart from the cancer) is reasonably good .The cancer affected part of the body will be removed through Surgery.
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NCRS Chairman Mr. Lokendra Kumar Shrestha met with the Chief Exe
Mr. Lokendra Kumar Shrestha for the second time elected as the Chairman of NCRS through 21st AGM.....
The 21st Annual General Meeting (AGM) of NCRS was held on 22nd a